Who Created the
Universe and Why ?
it Be that the Universe Created Itself?
Unmistakable Signs of the Creator
for the Aware
Creation of Heaven and Earth
Creation of Mankind
in the Other Creatures
The Creator Subjected the Universe to Human Control
Purpose of the Creation of Human Beings?
for the Atheist
Can it Be
that the Universe Created Itself?
human being has pondered this question. Some answered by saying
that the formation of the universe was merely a coincidence.
Others felt there must be an unseen Creator. In what will
follow, we will try to assist you in answering this question.
Our approach will depend primarily on the text of the Qur'an
(the Word of Allah (i.e. God), inspired to Prophet Muhammad
(saws)). We request only that you open your mind and read.
Allah asks in
35. Were they
created out of nothing? Or were they themselves the creators?
36. Or did they
create the heavens and the earth? Nay, but they are sure of
Most deny or
ignore the existence of The Creator because they cannot see
Him. However, there are many things which we do not see, but
yet we believe in their existence. Further, most of us believe
in creatures which exist yet undiscovered and undocumented.
Many reject the
existence of The Creator, believing only in science and data
gathered and confirmed by its canonical methods. But, on any
given day, the same person might find himself in love, deep
remorse or sadness. And while contriving the most complex
and personal thoughts, he does not, at the time, suppose that
his feelings are a random product of firing neurons. How can
he then believe that the only distinction between a corpse
and a living person is the absence of organ functionality.
That we need only revive his physical body to restore him
Let us imagine
ourselves standing in a laboratory stocked with beakers and
test tubes containing all sorts of chemical compounds. Then
suppose an earthquake has just occurred upsetting the shelved
vessels, sending their contents spilling onto the laboratory
floor. It would be a very strange coincidence indeed to find
new life forms generating themselves where none had existed
You might say,
'Your analogy didn't account for time - these organisms need
time to evolve.' We ask, 'How much time should we have allowed?
Was there enough time since the beginning of the universe
to allow for their self-induced formation?'
Let's hear from
Swiss mathematician Charles Eugene Jai. In an experiment aimed
at answering this very question, Jai set out to calculate
the probability of the random formation of a single protein
molecule. Jai 'helped' the situation by assuming the existence
of formative elements, and by selecting a protein consisting
of only 2,000 atoms (An average protein might consist of 32,000
atoms or more). Jai also assumed that the protein would consist
of only 2 unique formative atoms.
the value of probability by considering the size of the material
and the time necessary for the random formation to occur.
He calculated that the probability of forming even a simplified
protein molecule was approximately 1 in 5 x 10 e+320 !
The size of the
material necessary to produce that almost zero probability
would have been a sphere with a diameter of approximately
6 x 10 e+176 miles - about 10 e+63 times bigger than the imagined
size of the universe. Finally, the time necessary for the
molecule to form was 10 e+243 billion years. This was far
greater than the supposed age of the universe - only about
2 billion years.
that the universe was neither old enough, nor big enough to
allow for the random formation of even a simple protein molecule.
It was impossible for the universe to have created itself,
and for life to randomly form. We must then consider another
course. There is a Creator who created the universe.
Some Unmistakable Signs of
Allah said in
(Allah) shall show them Our Signs on the horizons and within
themselves, until it becomes clear to them that it is the
Truth. Is it not sufficient that the Lord is Witness over
One of the usages of 'we' in Arabic
is for glorifying and indicating the greatness of a person.
Here it indicates greatness and not plurality.
We live in an
amazing universe. It is a universe peculiarly balanced, and
purposefully tempered as if to provide a safe host for living
modern astronomers, the universe is expanding. They hold that
if gravity had been only slightly stronger, it would have
overtaken expansion very early and caused the universe to
collapse. Had gravity been slightly weaker, universe expansion
would have become a runaway process, not allowing time for
the formation of galaxies and stars.
If either of
these had occurred, there would never have been an Earth on
which creatures could live. This universe seems designed,
even meticulously tailored to provide suitable conditions
for living. If other basic ratios and constants had been just
slightly different, the universe would not have been favourable
to our existence.
If, for instance,
the strong and weak nuclear forces were slightly stronger
relative to the electromagnetic forces, hydrogen would not
exist in its ordinary form. This would mean that heavier elements,
such as carbon and oxygen - two of the essential building
blocks of life - would never have existed.
of gravity is crucial to the existence of life in the universe
in another way. If it were weaker, then it could not crush
the material in a star the size of the Sun with enough force
to ignite its thermonuclear reactions. Only very massive stars
would shine, and such stars would probably have too short
lifespan to allow for the development of life.
that the universe has been arranged to favour the appearance
and survival of life has been taken very seriously by certain
scientists. Prominent among them is astronomer Brandon Carter.
Modern science estimates that it has taken 4 billion years
for human beings to evolve from unicellular life forms. Carter
has calculated that the average period for any evolution of
this magnitude should take much longer - about 10 billion
years. That is longer than the lifespan of a Sun-sized star,
and much longer than the period of life-favourable conditions
It would seem
that intelligent life appeared on Earth despite its high improbability.
We are again pulled towards recognizing the Creator.
Signs for the Aware
In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation
of the night and day, and the sailing of ships through the
ocean for the profit of mankind, and the water which Allah
sends down from the skies, thereby reviving the earth after
its death, and dispersing therein all kinds of beasts, and
(in) the ordinance of the winds, and the clouds subjugated
between heaven and earth: are signs for people who have sense.
The Creation of Heaven and
60. Who has created
the heavens and the earth, and Who sends down for you water
from the sky? Yea, with it We cause to grow well-planted orchards
full of beauty and delight: it never has been yours to cause
to grow. Could there be another god besides Allah? Nay, but
they are people who swerve from justice.
61. Or, Who has
made the earth firm to live in, and placed rivers in its folds,
and set upon it immovable mountains, and made a barrier between
the two seas (fresh and salt waters)? Could there be another
god besides Allah? Nay, most of them know not.
62. Or, Who answers
the one distressed when he calls unto Him, and Who relieves
the harm, and makes you (mankind) inheritors of the earth?
Could there be another god besides Allah? Little do they reflect!
63. Or, Who guides
you through the depths of darkness in the land and the sea,
and Who sends the winds as heralds of His Mercy? Could there
be another god besides Allah? High is Allah above what they
ascribe to Him!
64. Or, Who originates
creation, then repeats it, and Who gives you sustenance from
heaven and earth? Could there be another god besides Allah?
Say, " Bring your proof, if you are truthful!"
65. Say: None
in the heavens or on earth, except Allah, knows what is hidden.
Nor are they able to perceive when they shall be resurrected
9. Allah is He
Who sends the winds which push up the clouds. Then He leads
them unto a dead land and revive therewith the earth after
its death. Such is the Resurrection!
27. Have they
not seen that Allah causes water to fall from the sky? Then
with it We produce fruit of various colours; and among the
hills are streaks white and red, and of various colours, and
(others) of raven-black.
28. And so amongst
men and beasts and cattle, in like manner, various colours.
Verily those who truly fear Allah, among His Servants, are
those endued with knowledge, and Allah is Exalted in Might,
65. Allah sends
down water from the sky and therewith revives the earth after
its death. Verily in this is a sign for those who listen.
6. Have they
not then observed the sky above them, how We have constructed
it and beautified it, and how there are no rifts in it?
7. And We have
spread out the earth, and have flung firm hills therein, and
have caused every lovely thing to grow thereon (in pairs).
8. A vision and
a reminder for every repentant servant.
9. And We send
down from the sky blessed water whereby We give growth unto
gardens and the grain of crops,
10. And lofty
date-palms with ranged clusters.
(made) for (Allah's) Servants; and therewith We quicken a
dead land. Like so will be the resurrection of the dead.
2. Allah is He
Who raised the heavens without pillars that you can see, then
mounted the Throne, and compelled the sun and the moon to
be of service (to his Law)! Each runs (its course) unto an
appointed term. He regulates all affairs, explaining the revelations,
that you may be certain of the meeting with your Lord.
3. And Allah
is He who spread out the earth and placed therein firm hills
and flowing streams, and of all fruits He placed therein two
spouses (male and female). He covered the night with day.
Behold! Herein verily are signs for people who take thought.
4. And in the
Earth are neighbouring tracts, vineyard and ploughed lands,
and palm trees, like and unlike, watered with one water (the
same water). And We have made some of them to excel others
in fruit. Behold! Herein verily are signs for people who have
The Creation of Mankind
12. Verily We
created man from a product of wet earth (clay).
13. Then placed
him as a drop (of sperm) in a safe lodging.
14. Then We fashioned
the drop into a clot, then We fashioned the clot into a little
lump, then We fashioned the little lump into bones, then clothed
the bones with flesh, and then produced it as another creation.
So blessed be Allah, the Best of creators!
15. Then Behold!
After that you surely will die.
16. Then, on
the Day of Resurrection you will be raised (again).
78. And Allah
brought you forth from the wombs of your mothers knowing nothing,
and gave you hearing and sight and hearts that you might give
19. He brings
forth the living from the dead, and He brings forth the dead
from the living, and He revives the earth after its death.
And like so you will be brought forth (from death).
20. And of His
Signs is this: He created you from dust, and then, behold
you are human beings, ranging widely!
21. And of His
Signs is this: He created for you mates from yourselves that
you might find rest in them, and He ordained between you love
and mercy. Behold! Herein indeed are Signs for those who reflect.
22. And of His
Signs are the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the
variations of your languages and colours. Behold! Herein indeed
are signs for those who know.
23. And of His
Signs is your sleep by night and by day, and your seeking
of His Bounty. Behold! Herein indeed are signs for those who
24. And of His
Signs is this: He shows you the lightning for fear and for
hope, and sends down water from the sky, and thereby revives
the earth after its death. Behold! Herein indeed are signs
for those who understand.
Signs in the Other Creatures
66. Behold! In
the cattle there is a lesson for you. We give you to drink
of that which is in their bellies, from between the refuse
and the blood, pure milk palatable to the drinkers.
67. And of the
fruits of the date-palm, and grapes, you derive strong drink
and (also) good food. Behold! Therein is indeed a sign for
people who have sense.
68. And the Lord
inspired the (female) bee: "Choose your habitations in the
hills and in the trees and in that which they (humans) dwell."
69. "Then eat
of all fruits, and follow the paths of your Lord (which were)
made smooth". There comes forth from their bellies a drink
of diverse hues (honey), and wherein is healing for mankind.
Behold! Herein is indeed a sign for people who give thought.
34. And We have
placed therein gardens of the date-palm and grapes, and We
have caused springs of water to gush forth therein.
35. That they
may eat of the fruit thereof, which their hands did not make.
Will they not, then, give thanks?
36. Glory be
to Him Who created all the pairs of that which the earth grows,
and of themselves, and of that which they know not!
37. And a reminder
for them is night. We strip it of the day, and behold! They
are in darkness.
38. And the sun
runs on unto a resting-place (orbit) for it. That is the measuring
of the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.
39. And for the
moon We have appointed mansions until it returns like an old
40. It is not
permitted that the sun catch up to the moon, nor can the night
outstrip the day: All float in an orbit.
41. And a reminder
for them is that We bear their offspring in laden ship,
42. And We have
created for them similar on which they ride.
43. And if We
will, We drown them, and there is no help for them, neither
can they be saved.
44. Unless by
mercy from Us and as comfort for a while.
45. When they
are told: Fear that which is before you and that which is
behind you, that you may find mercy (they are heedless).
46. Never did
a sign come to them (the unbelievers) of the signs of their
Lord, but they did turn away from it!
Allah, The Creator Subjected
the Universe to Human Control
5. And the cattle
He has created for you. From them you have warm clothing and
uses, and whereof you eat.
6. And wherein
is beauty for you, when you bring them home, and when you
take them out to pasture.
7. And they carry
your loads unto a land you could not reach except with souls
distressed. Behold! Your Lord is indeed Most Kind, Most Merciful.
8. And (He has
created) horses and mules and donkeys that you may ride them,
and for ornament. And He creates that which you know not.
9. And depend
on Allah for direction to the Straight Path, but some (paths)
go not straight: And had He willed He would have led you all
aright (by His Guidance).
10. Allah is
He Who sends down water from the sky, from it you have drink,
and out of it (grows) the vegetation with which you feed your
He causes crops to grow for you, and the olive and the date-palm
and grapes and fruits of all kinds. Behold! Herein is indeed
a sign for people who reflect.
12. And He has
constrained the night and the day and the sun and the moon
to be of service unto you, and the stars are made subservient
by His command. Behold! Herein indeed are signs for people
who have sense.
13. And whatsoever
He has created for you in the earth of diverse hues, Behold!
Therein is indeed a sign for people who take heed.
14. And Allah
is He Who has constrained the sea to be of service that you
eat thereof flesh that is fresh and tender, and bring forth
from it ornaments to wear. And you see the ships plowing therein,
that you (mankind) may seek of His bounty and that you may
15. And He has
cast into the earth firm hills that it quakes not with you,
and streams and roads that you may find your way.
16. And landmarks
(too), and by the stars they find their ways.
17. Is He then
Who creates like one who does not create? Will you not then
18. And if you
try to count the favours of Allah you cannot number them.
Behold! Allah is indeed Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
80. Allah has
given you in your houses and abode, and has given you (also),
of the hides of cattle, houses which you find light (to carry)
on the day of migration and on the day of pitching camp; and
of their wool and their fur and their hair, caparison and
comfort (to serve you) for a time.
81. And Allah
has given you, of that which He has created, shelter from
the sun; and has given you places of refuge in the mountains,
and has given you coats with which to ward off the heat, and
coats (of armour) to save you from your own foolhardiness.
Thus He perfects His favour unto you, in order that you may
surrender (unto Him).
82. But if they
turn away, your duty is only to preach the Clear Message.
83. They (the
unbelievers) know the favour of Allah but then deny it. Most
of them are ingrates.
5. Allah is He
Who appointed the sun a splendour and the moon a light, and
measured for it stages, that you might know the number of
the years, and the count (of time). Allah did not create (all)
that but in Truth. He details the revelations for people who
6. Behold! In
the difference of day and night and all that Allah has created
in the heavens and the earth are portents, for those who fear
17. Will they
not look at the camels, how they are created?
18. And the heavens,
how it is raised?
19. And the hills,
how they are fixed firms?
20. And the earth,
how it is spread out?
21. Remind them,
for you are not but a reminder.
The Purpose of the Creation
of Human Beings?
16. We did not
create the heaven and the earth and all that is between them
17. If We had
wished to find pastime, We could have found it in Our Presence
- if ever We did.
56. I have not
created jinn nor men except to worship Me.
57. I seek no
livelihood from them, nor do I ask them to feed Me.
58. Behold! Allah
is He Who gives livelihood, the Lord of Unbreakable Might.
A Question for
your belief is right (i.e. there is no God), then what are
we (who believe in Allah) going to lose after death? But on
the other hand what will happen to you if we are right? Nothing
but hell. So make your choice wisely either believe in Allah,
or stay hopeless in this life without knowing where you came
from, where are you going to or why are you in this life.
Perhaps you may
live another fifty or sixty years ignoring Allah, then you
will return to Him and His Severe Punishment because of your
On the contrary,
if you believe in Allah and do good, you will return to Him
and dwell in Paradise having whatsoever you wish. Whatever
be your decision, we have given you the message but it is
as Allah has said:
80. Behold! You
can not make the dead to hear, nor can you make the deaf to
hear the call, when they have turned to flee.
81. Nor can you
guide the blind out of their straying. You can make none to
hear, except those who believe in Our Revelations, and who
verses are translations of the meanings of the Qur'an which
was revealed in Arabic.