or which cannot be seen)
The above is the root meaning of
the word Jinn. The existence of the Jinn is firmly established by
the Quran and the authentic Sunnah and the consensus of the
Scholars (Ijma) It suffices to say that the word Jinn and
its derivatives occur more than 29 times in the Quran. A related
word "shaytan" and its plural "shaytana" together
occur more than 80 times. In fact, there is an entire Surah called
Surah Al-Jinn, which speaks in clear explicit terms about the Jinn.
The reality, which we have to affirm,
is that the Jinn live in an established world unseen to us. They
eat and drink, and procreate. Similar to Humans, some are righteous
while others are not.
The Jinn were created before the
creation of mankind. Their origin is from fire. The Quran
verified these facts in Surah Al-Hijr:
We created mankind from sounding clay of altered smooth mud and
the jinn We created from smokeless fire."
The creation was also reported by
Ibn Abbas (ra):
"Two thousand years before (mankind)
was created, there were Jinn on (the Earth), and they caused corruption
on it and shed blood. Then Allah sent against them a troop of Angels
who beat them and cast them away to islands in the seas. So, when
Allah said: I am placing (mankind) generations after generations
on Earth, They (the Angels) said, Will You place therein
one who will cause corruption and shed blood (Al Baqarah,
2:30), That is: Just as those Jinn did?? Then Allah said: I
know that which you do not know."
We can not ordinarily see the Jinn,
unless they take a material form, which is usually in an unpleasant
or ugly form such as a snake or a black dog, as opposed to angels
who take pleasant and handsome forms. They can also take a human
form. For example: In the battle of Badr, a kind of Jinn known as
Iblis, assumed the form of a man named Suraqah Ibn Malik, and urged
the disbelievers to move forward to the battle, saying:
none who can overcome you today"
Then Allah sent the Angel Jibreel
against him and when Iblis saw him, he cried out to the disbelievers:
"I have nothing to do with you ! I see that which you do not
see! I fear Allah, and Allah is severe in retribution," and
then he fled.
There are 3 types of Jinn as described
in the following authentic Hadith:
The Prophet Muhammad (saws) said:
"There are 3 types of Jinn;
One type flies through the air, another type consists of snakes
and dogs. A third is based in one place but travels about."
Tabarani and Buhaqi
Jinni:Is a term used by the
Arabs to refer to one Jinn.
The 3 types of Jinn are as follows:
1 Amir: (Resident Jinn)
used to mean that he is one of those who lives with people.
2 Shaytan: Used for a
Jinni who is malicious and has become wicked.
3 Ifrit: Used for a Jinni
who is stronger and more powerful than a Shaytan.
The way of life for the Jinn is just
like Human Beings. For Example: they are accountable for their actions,
just as Human Beings are.
Allah says in the Quran:
Jinn and Mankind only in order that they might worship Me."
There are believers amongst them,
who will be rewarded, and disbelievers, who will be punished, as
they admit in the following verse from the Quran:
there are amongst us, Muslims and amongst us, wrongdoers. As for
those who accept Islam, they have sought out the right path. And,
as for the wrongdoers, they will be firewood for Jahannam."
Whenever Allah sent a Prophet to
mankind, the Jinn of that time could also receive his message. Thus,
some Jinn came to Prophet Muhammad (saws) one night and he recited
Quran to them, and taught them about Islam.
They eat and drink, and have Fiqh
regulations similar to ours. Just as we eat meat of animals slaughtered
in the name of Allah, so do the believers among the Jinn . In addition,
the Jinn are allowed to eat the bones of such animals.
With regard to this, the Prophet
(saws) has instructed us not to use animal bones for istinja (i.e.
to clean the private parts after relieving ones self).
The Jinn also have conjugal relations;
as evident from this verse:
heaven) are (women) of modest gaze, whom neither human being nor
Jinn have touched before."
Another verse establishes that they
then take (Iblis) and his offspring as protectors in preference
to Me, although they are an enemy to you?"
The Jinn, as any other living creature,
will also die. This is mentioned in the Quran:
say, Enter you in the company of nations who passed away before
you, of men and Jinn, into the Fire."
Iblis, however, has been given respite
up to the Day of Resurrection.
you are, then, among those given respite up to the day of the time
known (and appointed)."
Iblis is the Jinn who disobeyed Allahs
command to prostrate to Adam (as), and was consequently expelled
from Heaven. Allah had promised him eternal Hell, but he had asked
Allah to give him time before going to Hell to win over Adams
descendants as their followers. Allah had granted him time, and
Iblis has worked towards the destruction of mankind ever since.
Shaytan is the term used to refer to Iblis and other disbelieving
Iblis has his throne in the sea,
and he sends out his dispatchments of shaytan to aggravate people.
The dearest of them to him is the one who causes the most fitna
One of his workers comes and tells
him "I did not leave (my victim) until I brought about separation
between him and his wife." Iblis draws him near and says to
him, "Yes, You (are the best)."
Because of this evil nature of the
shaytan, the term "shayatan" is also used for those disbelieving
human beings that are active in corrupting and fighting righteousness.
Allah has said:
Thus, have We made,
for every Prophet, an enemy, the shaytan of mankind and Jinn, inspiring
one another with, adorned speech by way of deception."
One of the shaytans endeavors
in their attempt towards human destruction is to go up to the heavens
and eavesdrop any news to carry on to earth. This news will be passed
on to the fortune-tellers.
Aisha (ra) said that she asked
the Prophet (saws) about how it is that the fortune-tellers sometimes
foretell something which turns out to be true. He replied, thats
the word of truth that the Jinn manages to catch, and so he comes
and whispers in the ear of the fortune-teller, and to one truth
he adds one hundred lies.
(Bukhari and Muslim)
Man is always accompanied by a Jinn,
who tries to incite him to evil, but the Prophet (saws) was protected
from this harm.
On the authority of Ibn Musud
the Messenger of Allah (saws) said:
"There is not any one of you
except that he has been assigned his companion from among the Jinn
and his companion from among the Angels." They the Companions
said, "Even you, O Messenger of Allah," He replied "Even
me, except that Allah has helped me against the Jinn, so that I
am unharmed, and so he orders me to do nothing but good."
Thus terrible thoughts may sometimes
occur to us, but we are not responsible for these promptings
provided, we neither allow them to take root within us, nor act
upon them. The fact that we recognise them as evil is itself a sign
of faith. It is possible for Jinn to enter human beings and possess
them as Allah says:
consume interest (riba) do not arise except as the one whom Satan
has driven to madness by his touch."
Seek protection from the Jinn. In
an Authentic hadith related by Bukhari and Muslim, The Prophet (saws)
has instructed us to recite some supplications to protect ourselves
from the harm of Satan. These include:
1. Before having sexual
intercourse, we should say:
jannibnash-shaytina wa jannibish-shaytina ma razaqtana."
In the name of Allah. O Allah!
Spare us from Satan and repel Satan from what you provide us
Then, if a child is conceived,
Satan will never harm
2. The shaytan like to
frequent filthy areas such as toilets. Thus we should ensure
that we recite the sunnah supplication (narrated by Al Bukhari
and Muslim) before
entering the toilet:
"Allahumma inni authu
bika minal-khubthi wal-khabaith."
O Allah! I seek refuge with you
from male and female devils.
3. Reciting Ayat al Kursi
(the verse of the throne in Surat Al Baqarah, 2:255) at bedtime
ensures that no devil comes close to you until the morning.
Related by Bukhari
"La ilaha illallahu wah-dahu
la sharika lahu; lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu wa-hawaala
kulli shayin qadir."
There is no God but Allah, alone,
without any partner, His kingdom, and His
is the praise, and He has power
over all things.
100 times in the morning provides
protection till the
Bukhari & Muslim
In General, frequent remembrance
of Allah and obedience to Him provide immunity from the Shaytan.
himself from the remembrance of (Allah) most gracious, We assign
to him a Shaytan to be his comrade."
In another verse Allah says:
no authority over those who believe and place trust in their Lord."
Amongst the things that will keep
the believer far away from falling into the snares of Shaytan is
to refrain from excess in glances, words, food and socialising with
people. By these four doors Shaytan gains power over the son of
Adam and obtains what he wants from him.
As for looking, the Messenger of
Allah (saws) said:
"Do not follow a glance with
a glance. You are allowed the first but not the second."
Narrated in the Musnad (Hadith Book)
of Ahmad B. Hanbal (Sahih)
As for excess words, the Prophet
"Part of the excellence of a
Mans Islam is that he leaves what does not concern him."
As for excess food, the Prophet (saws)
"A man does not fill a worse
vessel than his belly."
Luqman the sage used to say to his
son, "My son, when the intestines are full, reflection goes
to sleep, wisdom falls silent, and the limbs cease to worship."
As for excessive socializing, it
is a chronic disease, which attracts evil. How frequently are socializing
and company empty of blessings! How often do the sow enmity! How
often they plant rancor in the heart and as long as it remains in
the heart it erodes firm mountains of good action! Excessive socializing
contains loss for this world and the next world. The slave must
only indulge in that amount of socializing which in necessary.
One of the greatest fortresses, which
protect the believer against Shaytan, is Knowledge.
The Messenger of Allah (saws) said:
"One Faqih (Someone learned
in Religious matters) is stronger against Shaytan than a thousand
The importance of knowledge for the
believer in opposing Shaytan is well illustrated by the following
story related by Ibn Abbass:
The Shaytan says to Iblis, "Master
we delight in the death of a man of knowledge more than we rejoice
in that of a man of worship. We are harmed by the man with knowledge,
but not harmed by the man of worship."
Iblis says, "Come on, lets go."
So off they go to a man of worship and they come to him while he
is worshipping and tell him they want to ask him a question. Iblis
says, "Can your lord put this world inside an egg?"
"The worshipper replies, "I
dont know." Iblis says to the Shaytans, "Dont
you see there is disbelief in his answer?"
They then go to a man of knowledge
in his circle joking with his companions and say, "We want
to ask you a question."
He says, "Ask" so Iblis
says to him, "Can your Lord put this world inside an egg?"
He replies, "Yes."
Iblis asks, "How?"
The man of knowledge says,
when He desires a thing that He says to it Be and it
is." (Quran 36:82)
Iblis says to the Shaytans "Dont
you see that, the man (the worshipper) does not have any effect
beyond himself, while this man (the man of knowledge) estranges
much of the world from me?"
It is well known that Shaytan is
with those who oppose the community. For that reason, the Muslim
must keep to the Muslim community because that will keep him far
from the errors and snares of Shaytan.
The Messenger of Allah (saws) said:
"Whoever of you desires
the heart of the Garden should cling to the community. Shaytan is
with the solitary person and further off from the couple."
Timidhi and Ahmad
The Messenger of Allah (saws) also
"The hand of Allah is over the
community. Shaytan is with the one who opposes the community."
References: The Jinn (In the
Quran and Sunnah) by Mustafa Ashour
The Article on The Jinn by Abu Al Hasan (Al Jumuah Magazine)